Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs.
Our site will help to get acquainted with the wonderful world of ancient animals - dinosaurs. In our encyclopedia can find answers to various questions: where did the dinosaurs, which dinosaur was the most intelligent, some of the dinosaurs was the worst, as the fossil record to know what were the dinosaurs and much more.
The history of the dinosaurs. Section talks about how, where, when, and how they found the first dinosaur fossils. The era of the dinosaurs. This section introduces the structural features of the dinosaurs, as they took care of their offspring; and what dinosaurs lived in each of the periods of the Mesozoic era.
Huge herbivorous dinosaurs. First giant herbivorous dinosaur, its food and enemies, all of this can be found in this section. Ptitsenogie dinosaurs. Section provides information about ptitsenogih dinosaurs, their distinctive features.
Carnivorous dinosaurs. Section introduces the largest and the smallest carnivorous dinosaurs. Armed with horns, spikes and shells. This section shows you how to protect ancient dinosaurs; and how to take care of this nature. Dinosaur species. This section contains information about the kinds of dinosaurs of the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of the Mesozoic era.
The first finds of dinosaurs:
Around 1820, the attention of the British and French researchers have attracted the fossilized teeth and bones of large size. By studying them, they came to the conclusion that the fossils belong to an unusually large lizard - a reptile that lived in prehistoric times. In 1822, English physician Parkinson awarded one of the finds in the collection geologist Buckland name megalosaur (giant lizard).
In 1924, Buckland started his description and gave it the scientific notation. It was then that the first dinosaur was recognized as such, and found his name. The second message was sensational in 1825 made him an English physician Mantel. Three years ago, his wife, Mary, found in the rubble of a cobblestone street in which the teeth were made in sizes from 4 to 5 cm.
Each new species of dinosaur gets its own name. In the role of godfather acts scientist who studied in detail the discovery and made a comparison with the already known species. "Certificate of birth" is the publication in one of the specialized scientific journals.
Name is always made up of two parts: the name of the family (with capital letters) and the species name (lower case). In accordance with the scientific tradition, used Latin and Latin charts. When selecting a name, often resort also to the Greek words, place names and proper names. The most common name reflects the characteristic features of this type of dinosaur or found his remains.
Stegosaurus armatus (Stegosaurus armatus armed lizard with the plates on the back) - the name given by the characteristic for this dinosaur plates and spikes. Ceratosaurus nasicornis (horned dinosaur with a nasal horn) - on the nose of this dinosaur has a large horn. Diplodocus longus (long double bar) - is an elongated dinosaur, a distinguishing feature - the presence of double digits at the most caudal vertebrae bones.
Often, the name reflects the place of discovery, for example, in the name of Mamenchisaurus hochianensis (mamenchizavr hechuanensis). Mamenchi and Hechuan - place of discovery and countryside in China. Lesothosaurus (lesotozavr) found in Lesotho, Africa, and Albertosaurus (Albertosaurus) - in the province of Alberta, in Canada.
Personal names are used in the names to honor the achievements of outstanding scientists. Names of British researchers dinosaurs Mantel and Buklenda entered the name Megalosaurus bucklandi (megalosaur buklendi) and Iguanodon mantelli (Iguanodon Mantel).