Mountain climbing - sport climbing on difficult mountain peaks. The word "climbing" is derived from the name of the Alps - the highest mountain system in Western Europe. Types of climbing in mountaineering: education, training, credits, sports, promplpennye passage of climbing routes (geological, mapping and so on. N.) And travel, committed in order leisure. Climbing to peaks over 6,000 meters are called high-altitude mountaineering.
The history of mountaineering.
Mountaineering originated in Central Europe. In 1786 on the initiative of the Swiss scientist G. de Saussure to the highest point of the Alps - Mont Blanc went Paccard M. and J. Balma. It is considered that this event marked the beginning of world mountaineering. In 1865, British climbers conquered the peaks of the Alps Matterhorn, to climb on the technically difficult path. This date is considered the beginning of the sport climbing - climbing the difficult routes with sporting purposes.
Starting high-altitude mountaineering in 1907 put an Englishman Tom Longstaff, who conquered the peak in the Himalayas Trisup exceeding the height of 7000 m. In 1950, members of the French expedition M. Herzog and L. Lyashenal ershili owls in a convergence on the Himalayan peaks of Annapurna, whose height is 8078 m. Higher point of the Earth - Mount Qomolangma (Everest, Sagarmatha, 8848 m) was conquered by May 29, 1953 Sherpa Tenzing Norgay (Indian) and New Zealander Edmund hippies, but then won the top British expedition, led by John Hait.