Basketball - a game that was invented by James Naismith American teacher at the end of the XIX century, and more precisely December 21, 1891. The game is played by two teams on the field at the same time there are 5 people in each team. The team's task - to shoot the ball into the opponent's basket.
For one hit can be counted a different number of points: 1 point - from the foul line for 2 points - shot from the middle or close-range 3 points - shot from behind the 3-point line (6m 25cm). The greatest development the game was in the United States, which was host to one of the strongest basketball championships - the championship of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Basketball is part of the Olympic program since 1936. James Naismith was there as a guest. In Europe, hosts international club competitions, in particular Euroleague ULEB, Cup FIBA, the Challenge Cup.
In the winter of 1891, college students of the Youth Christian Association of Springfield, Massachusetts, just languishing with longing for physical education classes, forced to perform endless gymnastic exercises, considered at that time almost the only means of familiarizing young people to the sport.
Monotony of training was necessary to urgently put an end to, to make them a fresh approach, which would be capable to meet the competitive requirements of a strong and healthy young people. Exit from the seemingly dead-end situation found modest college instructor named James Naismith.
In December of the same year he tied the two baskets of peaches under the railing of the balcony of the gym and eighteen dividing students into two teams, invited them to the game, the meaning of which is to ensure that throw more balls into the opponents' basket. The foundation was laid. Could Dr. Naismith then assume a great future for his child?
Quite pragmatic called "basketball" (English. Basket - basket, ball - ball) game, of course, only distantly resembled a magical spectacle that we know under that name today. Of the ball did not exist, only the players threw it to each other, standing on the ground, and then tried to throw in a basket, and only two hands from the bottom or from the chest, and after a successful throw one of the players climbed on a ladder leaning against the wall and removed the ball from the basket .
From a modern point of view of action teams seem to us sluggish and lethargic, but the aim of Dr. Naismith was to create a game it is a collective, which could be involved at the same time a large number of participants, and this task his invention meets in full.