Sports - Water Polo.

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  • Water Polo.


    Sports - Water Polo

    Waterpolo - a team sport with a ball, in which two teams try to throw a goal in the opponent's net. The game takes place at the same time in the pool with water.


    At the same time from each team in the game involved seven people - six field players and a goalkeeper. Guest teams playing in white caps, home - in the dark. Goalkeepers wear red hats with the number 1 Both teams can make a replacement during the game.

    The game consists of four periods. The length of each period in the Olympic water polo - 8 minutes of pure time. That is, through time stopped when the game is stopped. Each team can not hold the ball for more than 30 seconds. Every time the team with the ball trying to score a goal by throwing the ball into the opponent's net, the stopwatch is reset to zero and the team is again given 30 seconds per possession. Each team may take two two-minute timeout in regulation time and one timeout in overtime. The timeout may take only the team in possession.

    Pool size for the game is not fixed and may vary from 20 meters to 10 × 30 × 20 meters. The minimum depth of the pool - 1.8 meters. The last rule is often ignored in amateur and junior competitions. Gateway to the water polo 3 meters in length and 90 centimeters in height. Ball games are usually yellow. Mid-field is denoted by a white line.

    Five meters from the boundary of the field passes the yellow line, which made attempts to score a penalty in the event of violations. In just a few meters from the gate passes the red line indicating the zone, which can not swim attacking player without the ball. All lines are commonly referred to floats of various colors arranged along the basin boundary.

    One player on each team plays the role of the goalkeeper. Goalkeeper - the only team player who can touch the ball with both hands, hit the ball with his fist, as well as in the shallow pool, touch the bottom of your feet. Goalkeeper unlike other players should always remain in their half of the pitch.

    Players can fold the ball to their teammates or swim, pushing the ball in front of him. Not allowed to attack the player without the ball. as the rules do not hold the ball under the water when the player attacks the defense on the ball. Violations are punishable by removal of the offending by 20 seconds with a free-throw, that is cast that can not be sent directly to the opponent's goal. An exception is five-meter penalty shots.

    Water polo requires good physical preparation. Players often swim 3 kilometers for 4 periods. Water polo players requires high coordination. Passing given away partners are usually given through the air - the ball does not touch the water. Sometimes the pass is given to the water especially players who are closest to the gate, so he could jump out of the water and score a goal.


    Water polo invented in the late 19th century in the UK by William Wilson. The prototype was the game of rugby. Early versions of the game allow the use of force in the fight for the ball, holding the opponent under water to master the ball. Goalkeeper was out of bounds, and tried to prevent attempts to put the ball on the opponent's dock. The game took on a modern form in the 80-ies of the 19th century. In water polo is played in many countries around the world. The game is especially popular in Hungary and the former Yugoslavia.

    Water Polo - one of the oldest Olympic sports. Playing for the first time poyavivilas in the Olympics in 1900. Women's water polo became an Olympic sport in 2000 after political protests of the Australian women's team. In the men's water polo athlete famous Hungarian Dezso Gyarmati won five Olympic medals (gold in 1952, 1956, 1964, silver in 1948, bronze in 1960), setting nobody has broken record.



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