Volleyball (English. Volleyball on the volley - flying and ball - the ball) - sport, team sports game, during which two teams compete in a special area, divided by the net, trying to send the ball to the opponent so that he landed on the opposing or a defensive player made a mistake.
In the classic version of the game, a platform is in a covered place (game room) and from each team participating in the game at 6 athletes, just as a team - 12 people, limited to the replacement rules. The game is 3 wins in straight sets, the first four sets are played to 25 points, the fifth set (if the game did not end earlier) played to 15 points. To win in the set must be an advantage in at least two points, so sets can be played longer (30:28, 32:34). The duration of a game is an average of 90 minutes.
There is a beach version of the game, beach volleyball, in which the 2 athletes in each team, playing in the sand area of 8 × 16 m. Moreover, the game is carried out 2 wins in straight sets, the first two sets are played to 21 points, the third set (if necessary) played to 15 points. Matches can not end with the same score. The duration of a game is an average of 40 minutes, although some meetings last 60-70 minutes or more.
It is considered that volleyball was invented February 9, 1895, in the United States. International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) was founded in 1947 and brings together 218 national federations (2002). In the program of the Olympic Games since 1964 volleyball (men and women). In the Olympic tournament involving 12 men's and 12 women's teams.
The composition of teams is determined by the FIVB as a result of previous qualifying events. The tournament consists of three stages: first robin in two subgroups, then round-robin between the teams in them in the first or second place; two strongest teams in the final match play Olympic championship.