Short Track - kind of speed skating, is to maximize the rapid overcoming competitive distance inside the hockey rink (the circumference of the rink - 111.12 m). The program OWG 1992 In the XVII Olympic Winter Games program in six types of competitions: individual championship in the women's 500 and 1000 m (husband. Wives.) And relay race at 3,000 m (wives.) And 5000 m (husband. ).
Athletes run on oval circle roller counterclockwise circle of 4.4 - 500 m, 9 - for 1000, 27 - 3000 m and 45 - 5000 m. Race for 3000 and 5000 m over from one athlete to another can be to transmit at any point distance touch any part of the body. Athlete usually pushes back his teammate, contributing to a rapid transit distance. The costume consists of an athlete helmet, gloves, shields that fit over the lower leg and knees.
In 1975, when the International Federation of Skating (ISU), a technical committee to run on short tracks, which brings together some thirty national federations. At a distance of 5000 m and 1000 m are involved no more than 4 athletes. In the relay from each team may be made 5 athletes. Regulations provided preliminary competition (1/16, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2) and the final race, depending on the number of athletes.