Auto Racing (Motorsports).
Motor sports - competition for racing, sports, production cars. Distinguish race on the highway and racetrack, rally, race on the establishment of records and others. Vehicles used in motorsport, are classified according to the criteria and characteristics that are regulated by the International Sporting Code (for domestic - Classification and technical requirements (Kitty)).
In the main types and forms of motorsport competitions used serials, sports, racing and record cars. Created special motocross vehicles (buggies), microcars (cards) and other species. The International Automobile Federation (71 A, founded in 1904), 97 countries (1992). World Championships held in 1925, in Europe - 1935
The history of motor sport.
In 1968, a French mechanical engineer Kyunon invented the steam carriage, which he called "the car." However, it is believed that the first car created in 1885 by German engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz. In 1894, the first competition on the car on the Paris-Rouen at the distance of 127 km.
Prize of 5000 francs won crews "Peugeot" and "Panhard-A evassor" last the distance with an average speed of 20-22 km / h with the engine power of about 2.5 liters. s. From 1894 to 1914, France was the center of motorsport, the most significant of the race started in Paris. Originally performed by one race a year, then their numbers began to increase rapidly.
In 1895 was created Automobile Club de France (ACF), in 1897 in Germany, came to Central European Society for motorists in 1899 was established by the Automobile Club of America. The emergence of car clubs contributed to the popularity of racing. In 1903, the race took place in Paris-Madrid vehicle speed exceeds 100 km / h, which led to many accidents.
The Commission of Inquiry has decided to cancel the race between the cities, from now on all road races were held on closed paths of limited length, closed to outside traffic.