Aikido (Jap. Aikido - "the way of harmony of energy") - a relatively young Japanese martial art, but embodies the principles and methods that are more than one hundred years. The founder of Aikido Morihei Ueshiba is. Aikido is known not only as an effective means of self-defense, but also as a method of self-discovery and promotion of health.
Martial art and a method of self-discovery.
Would be wrong to assume only aikido system different techniques and methods. The real fight has a huge contrast to the fight in the gym. When there are no frames, limiting the actions of men and it is a likely outcome of the fight is death to the fore the moral and psychological qualities. Next followed by fighting technique and physical strength. Then physically weak person can cope with stronger.
Aikido in the form in which it is known today, is derived from Daito Aikijujitsu, according to legend, founded by Prince Teydzyun, the sixth son of Emperor Seiwa (850-880 years BC. E.). Through his son Prince Tsunemoto it was passed on to subsequent generations of the Minamoto family. Art remained exclusively samurai practice and passed down from generation to generation within the family, as long as in 1868, Japan has emerged from isolation.
Morihei Ueshiba the founder of Aikido studied several areas of jujitsu (Kito-ryu, Daito-ryu) and kendzyutsu. On the basis of the knowledge he formed his battle system. An enormous influence on aikido had religious movement Oomoto-kyo.
Principles of Aikido.
The principle of "irimi and atemi." "Irimi" translates from Japanese as an input, there is an active response to the attack. Input is performed in the so-called "dead angle" - a place from which the enemy can not attack the aikidoka and aikidoka controls his assailant. "Atemi" can be translated as a shock and is used as a distraction. Stronger shocks can lead to unconsciousness and death striker. "If you want to throw a person - first hit him," - there is a saying in the style of Aikido Yoshinkan, which is used in the Japanese army and the police.
The principle of "aiki".
"Aikido" in Japanese means union. In practice, it is expressed in provoking the enemy to a specific attack and use it to perform the movement of vehicles
The principle of "tenkan."
"Tenkan" means a reversal of the body. It is used to avoid the line at which the enemy is making efforts. Suppose tenkan performed from the right hanmi. Right foot - support. First twisted her hips, pulling the whole body. The axis of rotation - straight spine, and the source - the center of gravity. Following the initial momentum of rotation, free left foot rotated 180 ° and shifted to the width of the foot to the left. Further, without a pause - step left foot back again to the right hanmi. That is, there is no tenkane wide circle.
In addition to the above there are also the following principles:
Kokyu - Proper breathing.
Kuzusi - Imbalance opponent.
Ma-ai - The distance between the opponents.
Metsuke - Focus, or to attract attention.
Zanshin - Ready state after performing art.
Machinery worked through during training. But this is not the end of aikido. Aikido is a philosophy, psychology and physics. Anyone can find yours here Ya Always remember that Aikido develops not only physical skills, but also spiritual. The development of these qualities contribute to the special situation in the hall. A constant concentration and unconditional implementation of the master's during your workout. Only in this way you can avoid injury and achieve results.
Learning the techniques of Aikido begins with learning the basic pillars: Hidari-hanmi and migi-hanmi. Basic rack, which use the master to teach their students differ in the same way as are the masters of different style of performance art.
In aikido, there is no competition, and practiced kata: repetition techniques until they become habitual. Most of the training takes place in working with partners to achieve harmony between them. Usually one partner attacks (called uke) and the other is protected (called Tories). Partners alternately changing. It is important that the attacker partner performed their actions sincerely and without fear of falling.
There is a style of Aikido - Tomiki-ryu - which is holding the competition. They occur as follows: the attacker (uke) is armed with a wooden knife, an imitation of natural weapons, as well as defending (Tory) unarmed. Problem uke - to hit his opponent imitation weapons. The task of the Tories - to perform the technique. For each efficient action points are added. Rules prohibited certain particularly dangerous techniques.
A very important point is ukemi in Aikido - the art of insurance with bumps and rolls. You need to be in constant readiness without much effort and apply the insurance at any time. The lack of competition and the apparent softness of aikido have generated a lot of debate about its usefulness.
Weapons in Aikido.
Fairly widespread belief that Aikido has no weapons, is not true: the principles of Aikido may be used in the battle of anything, since the sword and finishing the bottle. Novice practitioners of Aikido, often say that we should learn to fight with weapons in their hands and bare hands equally well. Different schools of aikido use in teaching different types of weapons.
Katana - two-handed Japanese sword. Since he is a martial ostrozatochennyh weapon is used rarely and mainly for demonstration techniques masters;
Iai something - a sword similar to a katana. Unlike last lai is not sharpened, so you can use it even for beginners. This weapon is also used in the lai-up - The Art of drawing the sword;
Boken - wooden mock-up of katana for training. Was put into use swordsman Miyamoto Musashi for training. Also, it has been used in fights, not to kill his opponent. Although in the capable hands boken (which is also called bokuto) kill and maim not worse honed katana;
Jo (Joe) - a wooden pole about 1.4 meters long and 24-26 mm in diameter.