Boxing (English box, literally - blow) - martial art of pugilism two athletes held in the ring. Competitors must wear special gloves soft mass 8 ounces (about 227 g). Rules are allowed to strike an opponent in front and side of the head and torso, but not below the belt.
From the 2nd half of the 80s in order to prevent injuries boxers appear in special protective helmets. Victory can be achieved as at the end of the bout (3 rounds of 3 minutes) - on points and ahead of schedule - due to a clear advantage, disqualified for breaking the rules, the inability or failure of one of the athletes to continue the fight, a knockout. Early winner is judge-referee in the ring, on points - most of the 5 judges outside the ring.
For the most amount of points the winner is: the equality of points the judge prefers boxer, winning two rounds or the last round, who had no warning or a more active, more technically. Olympic Tournament boxers allowed at least 17 years of age. International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA) was founded in 1946 and has around 190 national federations.
Pugilism was part of the ancient Olympic Games program. The program of Olympic Games since 1904 (except for OI 1912). Participants boxing tournaments are divided into weight categories. Until 1924 the country had the right to put in each weight category by several athletes from 1928 - one boxer. Due to the increasing number of participants in the Olympic competition and the disparity of their training with the 1996 AIBA defines continental tournaments, in which teams that win 1-8 th place are eligible to participate in the Olympics.
Olympic events are held in knock-out (in 1904-1948 boxers who lost in the semi-finals, held meetings for the third place, in 1952 - both members received bronze medals in the semi-finals). Beginning with the 1992 Olympics to calculate the outcome of the match referees used electronic equipment.