Jiu-Jitsu - a system of fighting techniques of self-defense. The name "jiu-jitsu" stands for "soft technique": Ju - represents softness and flexibility, jitsu (jutsu) - Art, Technology. Jiu Jitsu originated as a form of physical and combat training of the samurai, including self-defense techniques without weapons and actions with weapons. Of jujitsu stood independent directions: judo, aikido, karate-do, kendo.
Istoiya occurrence of Jiu-Jitsu.
Presumably, the basis of Jiu-Jitsu became the style of Chinese martial arts era imperial Chou dynasty (1122-25.5 years. BC. E.). To predecessors jujitsu include systems samurai martial arts, "kumi-uchi eroy" and "mow-no-mawari", which flourished in the 11-15 century. These systems are characterized by seizures hands and locks on them, throws, sweeps and steps, release from seizures, work with a dagger.
However, directly fight Jiu Jitsu originated from the school of martial arts in an easy gear ("kogusoku"), founded in 1532 by the Japanese Takenouchi Hisamori (g Sakusikiyama, Kyushu). In 1558, immigrants from China, Chen Yuan-bin, a master, a Buddhist temple opened in Sekoku-ji school "tsinna" (or "Shin-on") - the Chinese art of conquest, painful holds and throws. Three of his disciples Esitatsu Miura, Masakatsu Fu-Kuno and Isogai Dzirodzaemonpozzhe founded his own school of jujitsu: Ryu Miura, Fukun Ryu Ryu Isogai. By the end of the 17th century, there were already 725 styles, each of which had its own peculiarities.
Founder of the school of jiu-jitsu in Edu (Tokyo), Master And with Mutaemon born in 1800 Throughout his life he devoted to the study of martial arts. According to legend, once Iso won a hundred bandits, he managed to win the battle through the use of atemi - attacks on vulnerable parts of the body as well as the techniques that make it possible to turn out joints.
More than 300 years of jiu-jitsu cultivated exclusively family school samurai origin. According to tradition, in the training have been three stages. The first - receiving student in school (Ryu), it was necessary to enlist the recommendation and pass the tests that verify the physical, mental and moral qualities of the newly arriving.
The second stage, which lasted for several years, was devoted to the study of the basic techniques. If a student showed great ability and devotion to the teacher, who initiated him into the mysteries of the school ("okuden" - "deep strokes"). Such a system is practiced today in some traditional schools.