TAEKWONDO (taekwondo), a modern Korean martial art created in the 1950s on the basis of Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. The main difference from karate - a large number of kicks. Hazvanie in Korean means "the way of the fist and feet." See. Well KARATE.
Historical information. History of Korean martial arts can be divided into two periods: before the Japanese occupation of Korea 1910-1945 and thereafter. What were the ancient martial arts, referred to in the Korean chronicles, such as Subak and Thekkuon, now hard to say. Over 35 years of occupation, many traditions have been lost. After the Japanese left in 1945 in Korea started a real boom in martial arts. In most areas of martial arts equipment Japanese martial arts was issued for the Old Korean.
In 1953, Hwang Kee, head of the school Mudukkvan tried to combine these areas into a single organization - Union Tansudo Korean (Korean. "Path Tang hand"). However, the young Lieutenant-General Choi Hong Hi, a representative of the school Odokvan, went a step further and introduced the idea of merging the schools and create a cohesive style.
In April 1955 at the Congress of school leaders Chandokvan, Sonmukvan Odokvan and it was decided to name the new martial art taekwondo. In September 1961 came the Korean Taekwondo Association, and in February 1962 she became a participant in the competition of the Association of amateur sport in Korea. In the 1960s, the tour group taekwondo masters with demonstration performances were held in the United States, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, the countries of Western Europe and Canada. In 1963, a demonstration of Taekwondo in the United Nations Headquarters.
As head of the Korean Association of Taekwondo, Choi Hong Hi in 1966 created the International Taekwondo Federation (International Taekwondo Federation, ITF) and became its president. A year later, for political reasons, Choi Hong Hi had left the Republic of Korea and moved the headquarters of ITF in Toronto (Canada). Together with the general left of the leading instructors.
Taekwondo master, remaining at home, received the support of the state and in 1972 was opened in Seoul Palace "Kukkiwon" - World Taekwondo Center, where in 1973 was the first world championship in taekwondo, and then founded the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF), whose president was Un Yong Kim was elected. Since 1973, Taekwondo has become part of the mandatory curriculum in South Korea.
Choi Hong Hi ITF and could not count on the support of Seoul, so they had to ask for help from Pyongyang. To the development of Taekwondo ITF version KHDR government gave approximately the same value as the Government of the Republic of Korea - to the development of Taekwondo version of WTF. However, the financial support of Taekwondo in North Korea is poor.
On the redistribution of resources within the federation had conflicts, and as a result there was a new split. ITF headquarters moved from Toronto to Vienna (Austria), and the remaining Canadian masters in 1990 founded the Global Taekwondo Federation (GTF) headed by Jun Tae Park, up to that time Chairman of the Technical Committee of the ITF.
Meanwhile, management set a target conversion WTF Taekwondo Olympic sport. In September 1988, during the Olympic Games in Seoul, Taekwondo was accepted as a demonstration, and in September 1994 at the Assembly of the International Olympic Committee in Paris Taekwondo WTF version was included in the program of the Olympic Games (2000).