The international sports arena wrestling came later Greco-Roman (French) struggle. Wrestling is considered the birthplace of England later it was brought to America, where the fighting began to develop in two directions: the struggle cultivated among professionals.
On a professional carpet this struggle took extremely ugly. It resolved the wildest tricks: protivosustavnye grips, screwing the joints, pain techniques, and so on. D. Course, mostly fighters - professionals pretended atrocities over each other to cause a continued interest in the struggles. - A fight that began to cultivate mainly in colleges and universities in the USA (we called it "willy-American amateur wrestling) - Rules similar international wrestling with this kind of struggle.
In America, wrestling is very popular, there are strong people adore. For the first time at the Olympic Games in freestyle wrestling competitions were also held in the United States in 1904 to participate in them only American fighters - 38 people. Since then, the United States has traditionally perform well in the fight freestyle. Americans won with the 1904 to 1996 at the Olympic Games 99 Olympic medals - more than any other country.
For many years the team of the USSR, and now Russia vies with very strong fighters USA. Other leading countries is Iran, where this fight - the national sport where fighters and almost deified, as well as Turkey. Some sports columnists at one time due to the popularity of wrestling in the world even expressed the fear that the IOC may exclude Greco-Roman wrestling from the program of the Olympic Games.
In the Soviet Union wrestling began to develop much later classical. Soviet fighters were not familiar with this kind of struggle. The exceptions were the only wrestlers from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, where the national wrestling had a lot to do with the technique of international wrestling. The first national championship was held in 1945
Many bortsy- classics went into freestyle wrestling, especially of those weight classes in which there was a lot of competition. Union Committee for Physical Culture and Sport held a special training fee for coaches, where they first learned the technique of complex new kind of struggle. Develop freestyle wrestling in the USSR started because it was an Olympic sport. For the first international performances Soviet fighters with particular attention should be IV the Stalin himself was a fan of the fight, and the victory in the heavy weight categories is considered an important and decisive.
For the first time our wrestlers participated in the Olympic Games in 1952, the main contender for the gold medal was the "Northern Giant" Swede Antonsson B. By this time he was European champion 1946, 1949, wrestling, world champion 1950, according to the classical wrestling, world champion 1951 freestyle wrestling silver medalist of the Olympic Games 1948 in London.
None of the Western experts and journalists had no doubt that in 1952 it will become an Olympic champion Antonsson. In the final he met the talented nugget kohoznikom of Kakheti A. Mekokishvili. At the first national championship in 1945, it was Arsene won first place and firmly held it for several years. Such is the way of the Olympic champion 1952, since A Mekokishvili won the final battle, and the team of the USSR freestyle wrestlers won at these Games the first place.
Total from 1952 to 1996 wrestlers USSR - Russia won at the Olympic competitions:
1952 - 2 gold, 1 silver medals
1956 r 1 gold
1960 r 2 silver, 3 bronze
1964 r 2 gold, 1 silver, 2 bronze
1968 r 2 gold, 1 silver,
1972g.- 5 gold, 2 silver and 1 bronze,
1976g.- 5 gold, 3 silver
1980 -7 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze
1988 -4 gold, 3 silver, 2 bronze
1992 -3 gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze
1996 - 3 gold, 1 silver
In 1996, Russia was first performed at the Olympic Games as an independent team. Most winning freestyle wrestler Alexander Medved - triple Olympic champion, seven-time world champion. By double Olympic champion and six world champions are Sergei Beloglazov and Arsene Fadzayev, Two Olympic "gold" are also Ivan Yarygin, Levan Tediashvili, Orslan Andiev, Maharbek Khadartsev (in Atlanta at the Olympics 1996 Maharbek also won a silver medal) Emancipation continues and European championships in wrestling have been held for women.