The basis laid Sambo techniques and technical elements of many kinds of national struggle of the peoples of the USSR and other countries. Formation of Sambo as an independent type of struggle began in the 1920s.
The center of its development was the Moscow club "Dynamo". The first competition was held in 1923. Once have been two directions of further development of Sambo - sports and crafts. Initially, the fight was called "self", "self-", "wrestling", "freestyle wrestling", and in 1940 formally approve gg.- now familiar name.