Rhythmic gymnastics - a sport, performing the music of various gymnastic exercises and dance without a subject, and the subject of (rope, hoop, ball, clubs, ribbon). In recent performances without an object is not conductive to world-class competitions. In case of group presentations are used or a combination of two types of objects (for example - hoops and balls) or one type (five goals, five pairs of clubs).
Winners will be determined in the all-around, in individual events and group exercises. Performances recently measured at 20-point system. One of the most exciting and elegant sport. In the USSR gymnastics as a sport originated and developed in the 40s. Since 1984. - Olympic sport. Until recently, the only women's sport, but at the end of the 20th century, thanks to the efforts of Japanese gymnasts were held competitions and between men.
Rhythmic gymnastics is relatively young sport. It owes its origin ballet masters of the famous Mariinsky Theatre. In a relatively short period of its existence, this sport has earned a worldwide appreciation and has many fans in all corners of the globe. Connoisseurs of female beauty and grace were at all times. So in 1913 at the Leningrad Institute of Phys. Culture Lesgaft was opened High School art movement.
It became the first teachers Warsaw Rosa Elena Gorlov, Anastasia Nevinskaya, Alexander Semenov-Naypak. All of these teachers before joining VSHHG had their experience in the work of teaching: "aesthetic gymnastics" - Francois Delsarte, "rhythmic gymnastics" - Emile Jacques del Crozat, "dance gymnastics" - Georges Demin and "free dance" - Isadora Duncan. Merging of all these areas of gymnastics contributed to the emergence of this elegant sport.
In April 1941, was organized and conducted by graduates and teachers of the school, the first championship of Leningrad in rhythmic gymnastics. In 40th Gdy DEVELOPMENT OF rhythmic gymnastics, as well as the whole Soviet sport virtually stopped because of World War II. It was only in 1948, after the war was the first championship of the USSR in rhythmic gymnastics. In 1945 the All-Union Section of Rhythmic Gymnastics in 1963 transformed into a federation of the USSR.
In the late 40-ies. developed a classification program and rules of the competition. A further development of the sport proceeded with extraordinary rapidity, and in an increasing number of young participants. Since 1949, annual championship of the USSR, from 1965 - the USSR Cup competitions in rhythmic gymnastics, 1966 - All-Union children's competitions. First champion of the USSR in 1949. Kiev became Love Denisov (coach Yu Shishkareva). And in 1954 appeared the first master of sports. Gymnastics begin to travel outside the USSR shows in Belgium, France, Germany, Chehoslavakiyu, Yugoslavia.
After that gymnastics was recognized by the International Federation of Gymnastics sport. And already in 1960 in Sofia held the first official international meeting: Bulgaria - Soviet Union - Chehoslavakiya, and after 3 years on December 7-8, 1963 in Budapest, the first official international competition called the European Cup. Summing up, it was found that the participation of the gymnasts took not only from Europe, and then it was decided to consider these events the first world championship, and its winner - Muscovite Lyudmila Savinkov - the first world champion in rhythmic gymnastics.
In Budareshte competitions were held according to the rules adopted in the USSR, but only in the long program. In 1967. in world gymnastics there is a fundamentally new kind of - competition on group exercises. In 1967. in Copenhagen, the first world championship in group exercises. At the same time the Soviet team won the gold medal.
Since 1978, the championship of Europe. In Madrid, the Soviet gymnast Galim Shugurova becomes the owner of the European crown. In the period since 1963. to 1991. World Championships have been held every two years in odd years and even years, starting from 1978 to 1992., held the European championships. Since 1992. European and World Championships are held annually.
1980 - began turning for rhythmic gymnastics, after the Olympic Games in Moscow, at the congress of the IOC had decided to include the sport in the Olympics. Olympic rhythmic gymnastics same story begins in 1984 when the first Olympic gold medal won in Los Angeles Canadian Lori Fung. Relatively mediocre gymnast Olympic Champion t. Speeches to not attended by leading gymnasts USSR and Bulgaria.
Four years later, the Olympic champion in Seoul became the Marina Lobach, Oleksandr Tymoshenko won in Barcelona, Atlanta - Catherine Serebryanska in Sidnee- Julia Barsukov in Athens - Alina Kabaeva. Beginning with the Olympic Games in Atlanta gymnastics was represented fully two sections: competition in individual and group exercises.
Some features of rhythmic gymnastics.
First steps in rhythmic gymnastics are desirable at a very young age - in 6-7 years, and even before Yeshe; m. garazdo to the child's body more receptive to the development of flexibility, coordination and speed of movement. The main qualities of a gymnast's strength of will and endurance. Preparation for the competition requires sacrifice - this trauma and tears, and of course a lot of work. As a rule already in the 14-16 years many athletes have to part with the gym or go to a sports ballet.
Few gymnasts continue career up to 20-22 years. If we compare with gymnastics, the art - more affordable and safe sport. However, very high requirements for the appearance of athletes. More recently, gymnastics became transformed into aerobics and fitness, so many girls can continue their lives in the sport.
In sports aerobics majority of the participants of the former gymnasts. Rhythmic gymnastics develops flexibility, agility, endurance, discipline man perfects his body learns to wield it gracefully and beautifully moving, strengthens self-confidence, which is very important in today's world. However, it is impossible not to mention the fact that gymnastics, accurate outcome statements, the thing is very subjective. Not once had serious scandals and even disklifikatsii judges due to unequal relationship to the athletes.
One of the loudest intsendentov occurred at the European Championships in Zaragoza in 2000. (See. Article dedicated to Elena Vitrychenko). Because of this, repeatedly raised questions about the change in the judging procedure (similar to what is happening now in figure skating), or even the removal of this sport from the Olympic program.
Besides gymnastics is not spared the problem dopinogvyh drugs. They are taken, of course, is not to increase endurance and increase muscle mass. The main problem gymnasts - overweight. Therefore, the main administered drugs - diuretics. Which, in turn, allowed anti-doping committee.