Weightlifting - sport competitions in weight lifting (barbell, kettlebell) in different weight categories. In the competition program includes two exercises - dash and push rod. International Weightlifting Federation athletes (IVF) was created in 1920 from 1947 was called FIHK (International Federation of Bodybuilding and Weightlifting), from 1968 to 1971 - FIH, 1972 - IVF. Brings together 167 national federations (2002).
In the program of the Olympic Games since 1896 (except 1900,1908,1912). The program of competitions and weight categories athletes are constantly changing. Before the creation of FIH weightlifters competed in the bench press and push both hands, sometimes - in the snatch and clean and jerk with one hand; 1920 - Eventing (jerk and push with one hand, push both hands), from 1924 - in the pentathlon (jerk and push with one hand, bench, rshok and push both hands), from 1928 to 1972 - in triathlon (press, snatch, and thrust both hands), 1976 - Combined.
At the Olympic Games in Athens (1896) and St. Louis (1904) separation of athletes into weight categories was not. Since 1920 introduced 5 weight categories (60; 67.5, 75, 82.5, and more than 82.5 kg), 1948 - 6 (Add category up to 56 kg), 1952 - 7 (introduced category to 90 and over 90 kg), 1972 - 9 (52, 56, 60, 67.5, 75, 82.5, 90, 110 and 110 kg svple), 1980 - 10 (The category of up to 110 kg), with 1993 to 1997 have been taken such weight categories: 54, 59.64, 70.76, 83,91,99,108 and more than 108 kg, 1998 - 8 weight categories for men: to 56,62,69, 77,85, 94.105 and more than 105 kg and 7 - for women: up to 48.53, 58.63, 69.75, more than 75.
Significantly changed sports equipment. Instead weight weights, "Bulldog" bulk spherical rod with no rotating vultures designed uniform for all international competitions shell - collapsible rod with rubber coated discs (diameter 45 cm) and rotating the stamp on the sleeves (length 220 cm, diameter 28 mm). Athletes compete on a platform the size of 4 × 4 m.
The Olympic Games in the sportsmen is fulfilled the qualification standard in international competitions held under the auspices of IVF. Olympic medals razp-discontinuity in the first three places in the double-event in each weight category.
In the weightlifting world records are recorded and the Olympic Games in separate exercises (1896), the amount of the pentathlon (1922), triathlon (1948-1972), biathlon - a record in 1976, the exercise is ustanovlennpl if he prevplaet previous no less than 500 g in the double-event - 2.5 kg.
Lead in weightlifting Russia, Greece, Germany, Ukraine, Turkey and Bulgaria. These countries may put one party in each weight category, or by passing one of them, say of two in the other.