Sport Training - Systems of sports training.

  • What sport
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  • Individual:
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  • Slozhnokoordinatsionnye:
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  • Endurance Sports:
  • Bodybuilding
  • Powerlifting
  • Weightlifting

  • Sports training system.


    Sport Training - Systems sports training

    The effectiveness of the system of competition, ie. E. Achievement of planned results in certain sports competitions and in the required time, provided an effective training system. The training process is the basis of athletic training, determine the nature and content of all motor activity, as well as financial, logistics, information, scientific and medical support and remediation.

    In the process of training activity athlete improves their physical, technical, tactical and mental fitness, and prerequisites for successful achievement of their high level of education is a human and the level of intellectual ability. System factors that increase the efficiency of the system of competitions and training system.

    Frames. Progress of the domestic system of training an athlete is provided the level of professional skills, the presence of talented athletes and coaches, scientific potential specialists able to offer efficient technology and techniques in the areas that are most promising for the further growth of athletic performance. Scientific and methodical, biomedical and information security. Timely implementation in practice of scientific and technological progress is one of the decisive factors in the effectiveness of training athletes.

    System of scientific-methodical, medical and biological and information systems includes: extensive network of specialized units within research institutes and academies of physical culture of our country; complex scientific Group (AMG), created by the national teams of Russia and a number of republics and regions; medical and sports clinic, teaching classrooms at various sports organizations. This system should also include specialized publishing houses, newspapers, magazines, sports version of the television companies, information centers equipped with computers.

    The system performs the following functions:

    - Identify trends in the development of sports, provides scientific foresight ways to develop the main components of the system of training athletes and forecasting;

    - Developing the theoretical, methodological and software-regulatory framework of sport;

    - Improving the organizational, managerial, economic and logistical factors;

    - Develops medical and biological problems of sport, as well as implements practical actions to conserve and restore the health of athletes, improve their efficiency;

    - Developing psychological problems and sports provides an implementation of practical measures to ensure the mental sports training;

    - Provides training and retraining for Physical Culture and Sport;

    - Provides specialists in sports information.

    In training and competitive processes are widely used diagnostic, measurement, computers, audio and video, and so on. D.

    It should be noted that the development of sports science, introduction to the sport achievements of world scientific and technological progress contributed to the attraction of the complex scientific and information support for training of athletes of different specialists - teachers, doctors, biologists, physiologists, biomechanics, biochemistry, social scientists, engineers, mathematicians and others .

    Logistical support. In recent years, the sport underwent major changes associated with the improvement of material and technical base, the creation of new models of inventory, equipment, trainers, sports shoes, clothes, etc.. Numerous specialized firms annually develop the latest (better) examples of sports products, which contributes to a change in sports equipment, improvement of training methods, preservation of the health of athletes, accelerates the growth of athletic performance.

    Funding for sport is carried out from various sources: the state budget, commercial organizations, sponsorships, as well as from local budgets. This allows you to create the conditions for free sports most gifted children, adolescents and adults in sports schools, the education system and some other organizations.

    In recent years, sports federations, DSO, regional, departmental sports organizations, clubs, teams have successfully moved to the financing and other non-traditional forms of financial self-sufficiency, which can effectively solve many problems in the system of sports training.

    Due to the constant development of technology to improve the efficiency of the system of competitions and training system, there is a tendency to increase in the cost of the process of training athletes, especially at the stage of high sportsmanship. Calculations show that the costs of preparing one athlete per year at the stage of high sportsmanship in 800-1000 times (and in some sports or more) higher than at the initial stage of preparation.

    Environmental factors. Functioning of the system of training athletes should not be built in isolation from the social, economic, demographic and environmental conditions. All these factors have a significant influence on the development of different types of sports. For example, in the northern regions of preference should be given to winter sports in the mountains - Alpine skiing, and so on. G., In Yakutia, where the predominant population of a particular morphotype, it is advisable to develop all kinds of wrestling, weightlifting and impractical - basketball, volleyball. At the same time, there is an inverse relationship. The system of sport in general or regional subsystem actively affect the environment, especially the social, to a certain extent converts it according to the needs of society.

    The effectiveness of training and competitive activity is influenced by such environmental factors as altitude, temperature, humidity of the environment, change the time zone. On the one hand, they may enhance athletic performance, and on the other - to significantly reduce it. It is especially important to take into account environmental factors in the process of preparing for the most important competitions.

    Management and organizational structure. Management system improvement athlete - a set of manageable and control subsystems, the effect of which is aimed at the implementation of programs and the achievement of objectives. It is comprehensive and covers all levels - management training athletes directly, local, state, federal.

    At each level to solve specific problems, subordination and coordination through systemic administration. Complexity is also reflected in the fact that in the control system contains various components - biological, socio-economic, logistical, and other information.

    The control system is isolated organizational structure and a mechanism to ensure the functioning of the system and the achievement of objectives. Under the organizational structure should be understood set of relationships and co-ordination of various sports organizations, goals, objectives and functions of the system as a whole and its separate components, the flow of information between them. Control mechanism - a set of different methods, techniques, incentives, which are used by people in the management of training athletes.

    The structure of the national system of training athletes evolved historically, it includes a variety of organizations and is a public-public character. At present, this framework is managed as a mass physical culture and sports of the higher achievements. In the context of extremely complex structure of the organizational structure are shown different trends: on the one hand, integration, co-operation, co-ordination, on the other - administrative and functional isolation, the formation of bureaucratic and uzkoorganizatsionnyh purposes.



  • Sports training system
  • Characteristics of sports training
  • Features determining athletic performance
  • Factors affecting the sporting achievements
  • Psychological preparation of the athlete
  • Methods of psychological training athlete
  • The image of a healthy life
  • The most easy victory - a victory over a
  • Sports diet
  • Should not eat immediately after exercise
  • What kind of water to choose
  • Tips nutritionist
  • A few words about milk, calcium and physical stress
  • Union of body and soul
  • Choose your fitness
  • Fitness after forty
  • Running with the mind
  • Swim with the mind
  • Train wisely
  • Breathe freely
  • Muscles at home
  • Gyms are harmful to health?
  • Beautiful start to a beautiful figure
  • Path of Health
  • Physical culture medicine
  • What happens when physical exercise
  • Heart rate
  • Endurance against the force
  • Classification of martial arts
  • Choice - it is very important
  • Precautions for the young man
  • Precautions for middle-aged people
  • Precautions for the elderly
  • An effective program
  • Exercise for Beginners
  • Jumping rope
  • Other exercises
  • You can not run - walk
  • Cultivate good habits

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