Characteristics of sports training.
The main most important components of training-competitive training are:
1) The system of selection and orientation of the sport;
2) The system of competitions;
3) The system of sports training;
4) The system of factors that increase the effectiveness of training and competitive activity:
a) Training; b) scientific methods and information security;
c) biomedical support;
g) The logistics;
e) Organizational and managerial factors;
g) Environmental Factors.
Each component of the athletic training has its own functionality and at the same time subordinated to the general laws of the device, its operation and development. System selection and sports orientation - is a complex organizational and methodological measures pedagogical, medical-biological, psychological and social problems, allowing to define a high degree of susceptibility (gifted) child, adolescent, young men to this or that kind of sports activities (sports discipline).
In today's sports, characterized by constantly increasing competition and the continuous growth of the results is particularly important to identify athletes with the necessary morphological and functional data and the synthesis of physical, mental and intellectual abilities are at an exceptionally high level of development.
The main requirement is that the selection system is that it must be an organic component of the long-term preparation, since the ability can only be detected in the course of training and education and are the consequence of a complex dialectical unity - congenital and acquired, biological and social) .
System of competition. Sports competitions, as a specific form of activity in sports, determine the objectives and focus of training, and are also used as one of the most important means of specialized training, allowing to compare and improve the level of preparedness of students.
Given the sporting and economic feasibility, yc lovy conduct, traditions and specific features in each sport form of competitions, which tend to have continuity at the global, national, regional and local levels. System functions sporting events in modern sports exceptionally wide and varied. System of competition is the most important universal control mechanism improving skills of athletes.
It largely determines the content, focus and structure of the training process; serves as a necessary tool of control; has a significant impact on the development of the sport; allows you to quickly organize the interaction of world and national sports training system; contributes to the popularity of sports; active influence on the formation of the motivational mechanism.
However, in certain cases, individual competition beyond the scope of the system of training athletes, as they are the result of many years of training or the annual cycle. These competitions are often the Olympic Games, World and European Championships, and for less-skilled athletes main target competition - Russian championships, regions, and so on. D.
Sports training system The effectiveness of the system of competition, ie. E. Achievement of planned results in certain sports competitions and in the required time, provided an effective training system. The training process is the basis of athletic training, determine the nature and content of all motor activity, as well as financial, logistics, information, scientific and medical support and remediation.
In the process of training activity athlete improves their physical, technical, tactical and mental fitness, and prerequisites for successful achievement of their high level of education is a human and the level of intellectual ability. System factors that increase the efficiency of the system of competitions and training system.
Frames. Progress of the domestic system of training an athlete is provided the level of professional skills, the presence of talented athletes and coaches, scientific potential specialists able to offer efficient technology and techniques in the areas that are most promising for the further growth of athletic performance.
Scientific and methodical, biomedical and information security. Timely implementation in practice of scientific and technological progress is one of the decisive factors in the effectiveness of training athletes.
System of scientific-methodical, medical and biological and information systems includes: extensive network of specialized units within research institutes and academies of physical culture of our country; complex scientific Group (AMG), created by the national teams of Russia and a number of republics and regions; medical and sports clinic, teaching classrooms at various sports organizations. This system should also include specialized publishing houses, newspapers, magazines, sports version of the television companies, information centers equipped with computers.